Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)
Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. All rights reserved.
Describer (Date): Linnaeus, 1758
Species: Leopardus pardalis
Subspecies: Leopardus pardalis pardalis
Body Weight: 11-16 kg (24-35 lb)
Body Length: 70-100 cm (10-40 in)
Tail Length: 27-45 cm (11-18 in)
Pelage: Short, sleek hair. Background color varies from grayish to buff to cinnamon. Chains of black-bordered spots running along shoulders and back. Tail ringed with black or with black bars on top.
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
Range: Mexico, Central America, to NE Argentina, southern Brazil and Uruguay. A small population (fewer than 100 estimated) in southern Arizona and South Texas.
Habitat: Prefers dense habitat cover; sea level to about 1,200 m (3,937 ft)
IUCN Status: Least Concern (2014 assessment)
CITES Appendix: Appendix I
Populations in the Wild: No global estimates; local estimates available for some parts of the ocelot's range
Locomotion: Slow steady walk when hunting - 0.3 km/hr (0.2 mph); powerful climbers and adept swimmers.
Activity Cycle: Mainly a nocturnal predator but sometimes hunt in day (if prey sought is active in day).
Social Groups: Mainly solitary but independent young may associate with parents. Males and females may associate even when not breeding.
Diet: Highly adaptable generalist predator; consume small and medium-sized prey as available.
Predators: Puma, jaguar, harpy eagle, anaconda, and boa constrictor.
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
Sexual Maturity: Females can reproduce at 18-22 months; males produce sperm at 2.5 years.
Gestation: 79-85 days
Litter Size: 1-2, rarely 3 or 4
Birth weight: 250 g (8.8 oz)
Age at Weaning: May continue to nurse for 6 months; take solid food at 8 weeks.
Longevity: 7-10 years in managed care; up to 20 years in wild.
© 2011-2019 San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. Minor updates in April 2015. Taxonomy updated Mar 2019. Population estimates updated Apr 2019.
How to cite: Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) Fact Sheet. c2011-2019. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/ocelot.
(note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Jan 15)
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