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Red Kangaroo (Macropus rufus) Fact Sheet: Bibliography & Resources

Red Kangaroo (Macropus rufus)


Agar J. 2008. Diprotodontia introduction. Tree of Life Web Project. Retrieved May 25 2011 from

Archer M, Bartholomai A. 1978. Tertiary mammals of Australia: a synoptic review. Alcheringa 2:1-19.

Australian Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. 2000. Commercial kangaroo harvest quotas - national quotas. Retrieved October 26 2011. (archived content).

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Bailey PT. 1971. The red kangaroo, Megaleia rufa (Demarest), in north-western New South Wales. I. Movements. CSIRO Wildlife Research 16:11-28. Reprint no. 561.

Bailey PT, Martensz PN, Barker R. 1971. The red kangaroo, Megaleia rufa (Demarest) in north-western New South Wales. II. Food. CSIRO Wildlife Research 16:29-39. Reprint no. 562.

Bailey PT, Best L. 1992. A red kangaroo, Macropus rufus, recovered 25 years after marking in north-western New South Wales, Australian Mammalogy 15:141.

Beck RMD. 2008. A dated phylogeny of marsupials using a molecular supermatrix and multiple fossil constraints. Journal of Mammalogy 89(1):175-189.

Bennett MB. 2000. Unifying principles in terrestrial locomotion: do hopping Australian marsupials fit in? Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 73: 726-735. doi:10.1086/318110

Bennett MB, Taylor GC. 1995. Scaling of elastic strain energy in kangaroos and the benefits of being big. Nature 378:56-59.

Beveridge I, Chilton NB. 2001. Co-evolutionary relationships between the nematode subfamily Cloacininae and its macropodid marsupial hosts. International Journal of Parasitology 31:976-996.

Beveridge I, Spratt DM, Johnson PM. 2010. Diversity and distribution of helminth parasites in macropodoid marsupials. In: Coulson C, Eldridege M. (Eds.). Macropods: the biology of kangaroos, wallabies and rat-kangaroos. Collingwood, Australia: CSIRO Publishing. pp. 231-242.

Biewener AA, Baudinette RV. In vivo muscle force and elastic energy storage during steady-speed hopping of tammar walabies. Macropus eugenii). Journal of Experimental Biology 198:1829-1841.

Bilton AD and Croft DB, 2004. Lifetime reproductive success in a population of female red kangaroos Macropus rufus in the sheep rangelands of western New South Wales: environmental effects and population dynamics. Australian Mammalogy 26: 45-60

Böhme M. 2003. The Miocene Climatic Optimum: evidence from ectothermic vertebrates of Central Europe. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 195:389-401.

Calaby JH. 1971. Man, fauna and climate in Aboriginal Australia. In: Mulvancy DJ, Golson J. (Eds). Aboriginal man and environment in Australia. Canberra: ANU Press. pp. 80-93.

Clegg SM, Hale P, Mortiz C. 2002. Molecular population genetics of the red kangaroo (Macropus rufus):mtDNA. Molecular Ecology 7(6):679-686.

Commonwealth of Australia. 2007. Kangaroos killed under commercial harvest quotas - national figures. Retrieved 26 October 2011 from (no longer available online).

Coulson G. 1989. Repertoires of social behaviour in the Macropodoidea. In: Grigg GJP, Jarman P, Hume I. (Eds.). Kangaroo, wallabies and rat-kangaroos. Chipping Norton, New South Wales, Australia: Surrey Beatty and Sons Pty Ltd.

Croft DB. 1981. Behaviour of red kangaroos, Macropus rufus (Desmarest, 1822) in northwestern New South Wales, Australia. Australian Mammal Society. 4(1):5-59.

Dawson TJ. 1973. Thermoregulatory responses of the arid zone kangaroos, Megaleia rufa and Macropus robustus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 46A:153-69.

Dawson TJ. 1995. Kangaroos: biology of the largest marsupials. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press. 162 pp.

Dawson TJ. 1995. Red kangaroos, the kings of cool. Natural History 104:38-45. New York City, New York: American Museum of Natural History.

Dawson TJ, Denny MJS. 1969. A bioclimatological comparison of the summer day microenvironments of two species of arid zone kangaroos. Ecology 50:328-32.

Dawson TJ, Denny MJS, Russell EM, Ellis B. 1975. Water usage and diet preferences of free ranging kangaroos, sheep and feral goats in the Australian arid zone during summer. Journal of Zoology, London 177:1-23.

Dawson TJ, Ellis BA. 1994. Diets of mammalian herbivores in Australian arid shrublands: seasonal effects on overlap between red kangaroos, sheep and rabbits and on dietary niche breadths and electivities. Journal of Arid Environments 26:257-71.

Dawson TJ, Ellis BA. 1996. Diets of mammalian herbivores in Australian arid, hilly shrublands: seasonal effects on overlap between euros (hill kangaroos), sheep and feral goats, and on dietary niche breadths and electivities. Journal of Arid Environments 34:491-506.

Dawson TJ, Taylor CR. 1973. Energetic cost of locomotion in kangaroos. Nature 246:313-314.

Dawson TJ, Webster KN. 2010. Energetic characteristics of macropodoid locomotion. In: Coulson C, Eldridege M. (Eds.). Macropods: the biology of kangaroos, wallabies and rat-kangaroos. Collingwood, Australia: CSIRO Publishing. pp. 99-109.

Denny MJS, Dawson TJ. 1975. Effects of dehydration on body-water metabolism of large marsupials. Journal of Wildlife Management 37:574-578.

Dudzinski ML, Low WA, Muller WJ, Low BS. 1982. Joint use by red kangaroos and shorthorn cattle in rid central Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology 7:69-74.

Edwards GP, Croft DB, Dawson TJ. 1995. The dietary overlap between red kangaroos (Macropus rufus) and sheep (Ovis aries) in the arid rangelands of Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology 20:324-334.

Edwards GP, Croft DB, Dawson TJ. 1996. Competition between red kangaroos (Macropus rufus) and sheep (Ovis aries) in the arid rangelands of Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology 21(2):165-172

Ellis, M., van Weenen, J., Copley, P., Dickman, C., Mawson, P. & Woinarski, J. 2016. Macropus rufus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T40567A21953534. Accessed 27 December 2016.

Ellis M, van Weenen J, Copley P, Dickman C, Mawson P, Woinarski J. 2008. Macropus rufus. IUCN 2010 red list of threatened species. Version 2010.4. Retrieved April 15 2011 from

Frith HJ, Calaby JH. 1969. Populations. In: Kangaroos. Melbourne: F.W. Cheshire. p. 175-184.

Frith HJ, Sharman GB. 1964. Breeding in wild populations of the red kangaroo: Megaleia rufa. CSIRO Wildlife Research 9:86-114.

Griffiths M, Barker R. 1966. The plants eaten by sheep and by kangaroos grazing together in a paddock in south-western Queensland. CSIRO Wildlife Research 11:145-167.

Griffiths M, Barker R, MacLean L. 1974. Further observations on the plants eaten by kangaroos and sheep grazing in a paddock in South-Western Queensland. Australian Wildlife Research 1:27-43.

Grzimek B, Ganslosser U. 1990. Great kangaroos. In: Parker SP. (Ed.). Grzimek's encyclopedia of mammals. New York: McGraw HIll, Inc. pp. 379-387

Hacker R, McLeod S. 2003. Living with kangaroos: a guide to kangaroos and their management in the Murray-Darling Basin. NSW Agriculture, Sydney. 44 pp.

Harper D. Kangaroo. Online etymology dictionary. Retrieved 2011 May 19. from

Helgen KM, Wells RT, Kear BP, Gerdtz WR, Flannery TF 2006. Ecological and evolutionary significance of sizes of giant extinct kangaroos. Australian Journal of Zoology 54: 293-303.

Hooper P. 1999. Kangaroo blindness and some other new viral diseases in Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal 77(8):514-515.

Hume ID. 1982. Digestive physiology and nutrition of marsupials. Sydney: Cambriddge University Press. pp. 111-199.

Hume ID. 1999. Marsupial nutrition. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 251-252.

Hunt M, Slotnick B, Croft D (1999) Olfactory function in the red kangaroos
(Macropus rufus) assessed using odor-cued taste avoidance. Phys Behav 67:

International Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Macropus rufus. Retrieved 2011 May 31 from

Jarman PJ. 1989. Sexual dimorphism in Macropodoidea. In: Grigg G, Jarman P, Hume I. (Eds.). Kangaroos, wallabies and rat-kangaroos. Volume 1. Chipping Norton, New South Wales, Australia: Surrey Beatty & Sons PTY Limited. pp. 432-448.

Johnson CN. 1983. Variations in group size and composition in red and western grey kangaroos, Macropus rufus (Demarest) and M. fuliginosus (Desmarest). Australian Wildlife Research 10:25-31.

Kear BP, Cooke BN, Archer M, Flannery TE. 2007. Implications of a new species of the Oligo-Miocene kangaroo (Marsupialia: macropodoidea) Nambaroo, from the Riversleigh World Heritage Area, Queensland, Australia Journal of Paleontology 81(6):1147-1167.

Kear P, Pledge S. 2007. A new fossil kangaroo from the Oligocene-Miocene Etadunna Formation of Ngama Quarry, Lake Palankarinna, South Australia, Australian Journal of Zoology 55: 331-339

Kelly J. 2005. Kangaroo Industry Strategic Plan 2005–2010. RIRCD Publication No. 05/108.

Kram R. Bouncing to conclusions: clear evidence for the metabolic cost of generating muscular force. Journal of Applied Physiology 110:865-866.

Lee AK, Cockburn A. 1985. Evolutionary ecology of marsupials. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. pp. 157-158.

Marshall LG, Corruccini RS. 1978. Variability, evolutionary rates, and allometry in dwarfing lineages. Paleobiology 4(2):101-119.

McCarthy MA. 1996. Red kangaroo (Macropus rufus) dynamics: effects of rainfall, density dependence, harvesting and environmental stochasticity. Journal of Applied Ecology 33(1):45-53.

McGowan CP, Skinner J, Biewener AA. 2008. Hind limb scaling of kangaroos and wallabies (superfamily Macropodoidea): implications for hopping performance, safety factor and elastic savings. Journal of Anatomy 212:153-163.

Munn AJ, Dawson TJ. 2003. Energy requirements of the red kangaroos (Macropus rufus): impacts of age, growth and body size in a large desert-dwelling herbivore. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 173: 575-582.

Munn AJ, Dawson TJ, Maloney SK. 2007. Ventilation patterns in red kangaroos (Macropus rufus Desmarest): juveniles work harder than adults at thermal extremes, but extract more oxygen per breath at thermoneutrality. Journal of Experimental Biology 210:2723-2729.

Munn AJ, Dawson TJ, McLeod SR. 2010. Feeding biology of two functionally different foregut-fermenting mammals, the marsupial red kangaroo and the ruminant sheep: how physiological ecology can inform land management. Journal of Zoology 282:226-237.

Newsome AE. 1964. Anoestrus in the red kangaroo Megaleia rufa (Demarest). Australian Journal of Zoology 12:9-17.

Newsome AE. 1975. An ecological comparison of the two arid zone kangaroos of Australia, and their anomalous prosperity since the introduction of ruminant stock to their environment. Quarterly Review of Biology 50:389-424.

Newsome A. 1980. The eco-mythology of the red kangaroo in central Australia. Mankind 12:327-333.

Newsome A. 1995. Red Kangaroo Macropus rufus. In: Strahan R (Ed.). Mammals of Australia. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. pp. 353-355. (Originally published: Chatswood, New South Wales : Reed Books, [1995].

Newsome A. 1997. Reproductive anomalies in the red kangaroo in Central Australia explained by Aboriginal traditional knowledge and ecology. In: Saunders N, Hinds L. (Eds.) Marsupial biology: Recent research, new perspectives. Sydney, NSW Australia: N.R. Saunders & L.A. Hinds. pp. 227-237.

Nowak RM. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the world. Sixth Edition Volume 1. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 84-128

Oliver AJ. 1986. Social organisation and dispersal in the red kangaroo. PhD Thesis, University of Western Australia.

Patton S, Johnson SL, Loeffler DG, Wright BG, Jensen JM. 1986. Epizootic of toxoplasmosis in kangaroos, wallabies, and potaroos: possible transmission via domestic cats. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 189(9):1166-1169.

Pople AR, Grigg GC. 1998. Commercial harvesting of kangaroos in Australia. Canberra: Environment Australia. Retrieved 2011 May 09.

Pople AR, Phinn SR, Menke N, Grigg GC, Possingham HP, McAlpine C. 2007. Spatial pattern of kangaroo density across the South Australian pastoral zone over 26 years: aggregation during drought and suggestions of long distance movement. Journal of Applied Ecology 44:1068-1090.

Prideaux GJ, Ayliffe LK, DeSantis LRG, Schubert BW, Murray PF et al 2009. Extinction implications of a chenopod browse diet for a giant Pleistocene kangaroo. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106(28):11646-11650.

Prideaux GJ, Long JA, Ayliffe LK, Hellstrom JC, Pillans B et al. 2007. An arid-adapted middle Pleistocene vertebrate fauna from south-central Australia. Nature 445:422-425.

Prideaux GJ, Warburton NM. 2010. An osteology-based appraisal of the phylogeny and evolution of kangaroos and wallabies (Macropodidae: Marsupialia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 159(4):954-987.

Ramp D. 2010. Roads as drivers of changes for macropodids. In: Coulson C, Eldridege M. (Eds.). Macropods: the biology of kangaroos, wallabies and rat-kangaroos. Collingwood, Australia: CSIRO Publishing. pp. 279-291.

Reed AW. 1978. Aboriginal legends: animal tales. Sydney: AH & AW Reed Pty Ltd. p. 51.

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Rose TA, Munn AJ, Ramp D. 2006. Foot-thumping as an alarm signal in macropodoid marsupials: prevalence and hypotheses of function. Mammal Review 36(4):281-298.

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Sharman GB, Calaby JH 1964. Reproductive behaviour in the Red Kangaroo, Megaleia rufa, in captivity. CSIRO Wildlife Research 9:58-85.

Shepherd NC. 1981. Predation of red kangaroos, Macropus rufus, by the dingo, Canis familiaris dingo (Blumenbach), in northwestern New South Wales. Australian Wildlife Research 8:255-262.

Staker L. 2006. The complete guide to the care of macropods: a comprehensive guide to the hand rearing, rehabilitation and captive management of kangaroo species. Australia: Matilda's Publishing. 437 pp.

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