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Southern Ground Hornbill (Bucorvus leadbeateri) Fact Sheet: Managed Care


Enrichment (from Galama et al. 2002 unless otherwise noted)

  • Encourage "wild" behaviors
    • Novel objects encourage play (Galama et al. 2002; Kemp and Kemp 1980)
      • Rope and hose to pull and tug
      • Kong® pet toys filled with food items
      • Balls

History in Managed Care


  • Early records
    • < 1901: Exhibited at the London Zoo (The Gardens and Menagerie of the Royal Society) (Beddard 1901)

North America

  • Early records
    • 1922: first Southern Ground Hornbill exhibited at the Philadelphia Zoo (Sweeney 2012)
      • 2 adult females
  • Notable records
    • Oldest individual
      • A male > 54 years old, housed at the Honolulu Zoo (Sweeney 2012; ZIMS 2015)
        • First acquired by the Los Angeles Zoo in 1961
        • Alive, as of February 2015
    • First successful breeding in managed care
      • 1981: a female chick born at Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens Zoo (Sweeney 2012; ZIMS 2015)

San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance (SDZWA)

Historical notes

  • First individuals housed at the zoo
    • 1956: first Southern Ground Hornbill on exhibit (Sweeney 2012)
      • Pair of adults; 1 male and 1 female
  • First birth in managed care
    • 1988: a male, Cleo, born at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park
      • Cleo is alive and well living at the Philadelphia Zoo, as of 15 January 2015 (ZIMS 2015)

Current population (from ZIMS 2015)

  • San Diego Zoo
    • 1 individual, a female
  • San Diego Zoo Safari Park
    • 5 individuals; 4 males, 1 female

Ground Hornbill at SDZ Safari Park

Southern Ground Hornbill eating

Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. All rights reserved.

Page Citations

Beddard (1901)
Galama et al. (2002)
Kemp and Kemp (1980)
Sweeney (2012)
ZIMS (2015)

SDZWA Library Links