Spot-Necked Otter (Hydrictis maculicollis)
Describer (Date): Lichenstein (1835)
Species: Hydrictis maculicollis
Body Weight: 3-6 kg (7-13 lb)
Tail Length: Average 400 mm (1 ft)
Pelage: Chocolate to reddish brown. Chin and upper lip, white. Two layers of fur: outer guard hairs, undercoat of denser hairs that trap air for insulation.
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
Range: Sub-Saharan Africa, south of 10° N latitude but not in southern tip of Africa except for KwaZulu-Natal.
Habitat: Freshwater lakes, dams, rivers; not in coastal or marine waters.
IUCN Status: Near Threatened
CITES Appendix: Appendix II
Populations in Wild: Declining; status largely unknown.
Locomotion: Agile in water; emerge to sleep, excrete, give birth, and usually to eat their catch. Walk, run 4-5 km/hr (2.5-3.1 mi/hr), gallop 6-7 km/hr (3.7-4.3 mi/hr). Can stand vertically on hind limbs.Can jump a 1 m (3 ft) gap.
Activity Cycle: Mainly diurnal; some populations nocturnal.
Social Groups: Highly variable; some localities with foraging groups of up to 20 individuals, other places have mainly solitary hunting.
Diet: Mostly fish; some crabs, insects and frogs in some fish-poor localities.
Predators: Some reports of predation by Nile crocodile but not well documented.
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
Sexual Maturity: Females (in managed care) can reproduce at 2 years.
Gestation: About 2 months.
Litter Size: 1- 3 cubs/litter
Birth weight: Around 100 g (0.2 lb)
Age at Weaning: 12-18 weeks
Longevity: Up to 8 yrs. in wild; up to 14 years in managed care.
© 2010-2016 San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. Updated 2015. Conservation status update 2016.
How to cite: Spot-Necked Otter (Hydrictis maculicollis) Fact Sheet. c2010-2016. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/spot-neckedotter
(Note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Jan 15)
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