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Western Gray Kangaroo (Macropus fuliginosus) Fact Sheet: Bibliography & Resources

Western Gray Kangaroo (Macropus fuliginosus)


Arnold G, Grassia A, Steven D, Weeldenburg J. 1991. Population ecology of western grey kangaroos in a remnant of wandoo woodland at Baker's Hill, southern Western Australia. Wildlife Research. 18(5):561-575.

Arnold G, Lecrivain E, Johnson K, Grassia A. 1988. Effects of weather conditions in summer on the maintenance behavior of western grey kangaroos, Macropus fuliginosus. Wildlife Research. 15(2):129-138.

Arnold G, Steven D, Grassia A. 1990. Associations between individuals and classes in groups of different size in a population of western gray kangaroos, Macropus fuliginosus. Wildlife Research. 17(6):551-562.

Arnold G, Steven D, Grassia A, Weeldenburg J. 1992. Home-range size and fidelity of western grey kangaroos (Macropus fuliginosus) living in remnants of wandoo woodland and adjacent farmland. Wildlife Research. 19(2):137-143.

Arnold G, Weeldenburg J, Ng V. 1995. Factors affecting the distribution and abundance of western grey kangaroos (Macropus fuliginosus) and euros (M. robustus) in a fragmented landscape. Landscape Ecology. 10(2):65-74.

Blumstein DT, Daniel JC. 2002. Isolation from mammalian predators differentially affects two congeners. Behavioral Ecology. 13(5):657-663.

Burbidge A, Menkhorst P, Ellis M, Copley P. 2016. Macropus fuliginosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.3; e.T40563A21953972 ed.: IUCN 2016 (assessed 15 June 2015). <>.

Calvino-Cancela M. 2011. Seed dispersal of alien and native plants by vertebrate herbivores. Biological Invasions. 13(4):895-904.

Cassell’s Latin-English dictionary; compiled by Simpson, DP. 1987. New York (NY): Macmillan Publishing Group.

Chachelle PD, Chambers BK, Bencini R, Maloney SK. 2016. Western grey kangaroos (Macropus fuliginosus) include fauna underpasses in their home range. Wildlife Research. 43(1):13-19.

Commercial kangaroo harvesting fact sheet. 2012. In: Department of Sustainability Environment, Water, Population and Communities. Canberra, Australia: Australian Government. [2012 version no longer available online. 2011 version available, here:].

Coulson G. 1997. Repertoires of social behaviour in captive and free‐ranging grey kangaroos, Macropus giganteus and Macropus fuliginosus (Marsupialia: Macropodidae). Journal of Zoology. 242(1):119-130.

Coulson G, Coulson R. 2001. A natural grey kangaroo hybrid? Australian Zoologist 31(4):599-602.

Coulson G, Cripps JK, Wilson ME. 2004. Hopping down Main Street: eastern gray kangaroos at home in an urban matrix. Animals 4:272-291.

Coulson G, MacFarlane A, Parsons S, Cutter J. 2006. Evolution of sexual segregation in mammalian herbivores: kangaroos as marsupial models. Australian Journal of Zoology. 54(3):217-224.

Cripps J, Beveridge I, Ploeg R, Coulson G. 2014. Experimental manipulation reveals few subclinical impacts of a parasite community in juvenile kangaroos. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 3:88-94.

Dawson R, Milne N, Warburton NM, Cooper P. 2014. Muscular anatomy of the tail of the western grey kangaroo, Macropus fuliginosus. Australian Journal of Zoology. 62(2):166-174.

Dawson TJ. 2013. Kangaroos. 2nd ed. Collingwood VIC (Australia): CSIRO Publishing.

Eldridge M, Coulson G. 2015. Family Macropodidae (kangaroos and wallabies). In: Wilson DE, Mittermeier R, editors. Handbook of the mammals of the world: marsupials and monotremes. Barcelona (Spain): Lynx Edicions; p. 630-735.

Fenelon JC, Banerjee A, Murphy BD. 2014. Embryonic diapause: development on hold. International Journal of Developmental Biology. 58:162-174.

Garnick S, Stefano J, Elgar M, Coulson G. 2016. Ecological specialisation in habitat selection within a macropodid herbivore guild. Oecologia. 180(3):823-832.

Jackson S and Groves C. 2015. Macropus fuliginosus. In: Taxonomy of Australian mammals. Collingwood, VIC (Australia): CSIRO Publishing; c2015. p. 154.

Johnson C. 1983. Variations in group size and composition in red and western grey kangaroos, Macropus rufus (Desmarest) and M. fulignosus (Desmarest). Wildlife Research. 10(1):25-31.

King WJ, Forsyth DM, Coulson G, Festa-Bianchet. 2015. Adoption in eastern gray kangaroos: a consequence of misdirected care? PLoS ONE 10(5): e0125182. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0125182

Klöcker U, Croft DB, Ramp D. 2006. Frequency and causes of kangaroo–vehicle collisions on an Australian outback highway. Wildlife Research. 33(1):5-15.

MacFarlane AM, Coulson G. 2005. Synchrony and timing of breeding influences sexual segregation in western grey and red kangaroos (Macropus fuliginosus and M. rufus). Journal of Zoology. 267(4):419-429.

MacFarlane AM, Coulson G. 2007. Sexual segregation in western grey kangaroos: testing alternative evolutionary hypotheses. Journal of Zoology. 273(2):220-228.

MacFarlane AM, Coulson G. 2009. Boys will be boys: social affinity among males drives social segregation in western grey kangaroos. Journal of Zoology. 277(1):37-44.

Macropod quotas and harvest for commercial harvest areas in NSW, QLD, SA and WA - 2018. 2018. In: Department of Environment and Heritage: Australian Government.

Mawson PR, Hampton JO, Dooley B. 2016. Subsidized commercial harvesting for cost‐effective wildlife management in urban areas: a case study with kangaroo sharpshooting. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 40(2):251-260.

Mayberry C, Maloney SK, Mawson P, Bencini R. 2010. Seasonal anoestrus in western grey kangaroo (Macropus fuliginosus ocydromus) in south-west Australia. Australian Mammology. 32:189-196.

McArthur C, Sanson G. 1988. Tooth wear in eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) and western grey kangaroos (Macropus fuliginosus), and its potential influence on diet selection, digestion and population parameters. Journal of Zoology. 215(3):491-504.

McCullough DR, McCullough Y. 2000. Kangaroos in outback Australia: comparative ecology and behavior of three coexisting species. New York (NY): Columbia University Press.

Mella VSA, Cooper CE, Davies SJJF. 2014. Behavioural responses of free-ranging western grey kangaroos (Macropus fuliginosus) to olfactory cues of historical and recently introduced predators. Austral Ecology. 39(1):115-121.

Meredith RW, Westerman M, Case JA, Springer MS. 2008. A phylogeny and timescale for marsupial evolution based on sequences for five nuclear genes. Journal of Mammalian Evolution. 15(1):1-36.

Munn AJ, Skeers P, Kalkman L, McLeod SR, Dawson TJ. 2014. Water use and feeding patterns of the marsupial western grey kangaroo (Macropus fuliginosus melanops) grazing at the edge of its range in arid Australia, as compared with the dominant local livestock, the Merino sheep (Ovis aries). Mammalian Biology. 79(1):1-8.

Neaves LE, Zenger KR, Cooper DW, Eldridge MDB. 2010. Molecular detection of hybridization between sympatric kangaroo species in south-eastern Australia. Heredity. 104(5):502-512.

Neaves LE, Zenger KR, Prince RIT, Eldridge MDB. 2012. Impact of Pleistocene aridity oscillations on the population history of a widespread, vagile Australian mammal, Macropus fuliginosus. Journal of Biogeography. 39(8):1545-1563.

Neaves LE, Zenger KR, Prince RIT, Eldridge MDB, Belov K. 2013. Paternally inherited genetic markers reveal new insights into genetic structuring within Macropus fuliginosus and hybridisation with sympatric Macropus giganteus. Australian Journal of Zoology. 61(1):58-68.

Neaves LE, Zenger KR, Prince RIT, Eldridge MDB, Cooper DW. 2009. Landscape discontinuities influence gene flow and genetic structure in a large, vagile Australian mammal, Macropus fuliginosus. Molecular Ecology. 18(16):3363-3378.

Norbury G, Coulson G, Walters B. 1988. Aspects of the demography of the western grey kangaroo, Macropus fuliginosus melanops, in semiarid northwest Victoria. Wildlife Research. 15(3):257-266.

Parsons MH, Lamont BB, Kovacs BR, Davies SJJF. 2007. Effects of novel and historic predator urines on semi-wild western grey kangaroos. Journal of Wildlife Management. 71(4):1225-1228.

Poole W. 1975. Reproduction in the two species of grey kangaroos, Macropus giganteus Shaw and M. fuliginosus (Desmarest). II. Gestation, parturition and pouch life. Australian Journal of Zoology. 23(3):333-353.

Poole W. 1976. Breeding biology and current status of the grey kangaroo, Macropus fulginosus fulginosus, of Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Australian Journal of Zoology. 24(2):169-187.

Pople AR, Phinn SR, Menke N, Grigg GC, Possingham HP, McAlpine C. 2007. Spatial patterns of kangaroo density across the South Australian pastoral zone over 26 years: aggregation during drought and suggestions of long distance movement. Journal of Applied Ecology. 44(5):1068-1079.

Priddel D. 1986. The diurnal and seasonal patterns of grazing of the red kangaroo, Macropus rufus, and the western gray kangaroo, Macropus fuliginosus. Wildlife Research. 13(2):113-120.

Priddel D, Shepherd N, Wellard G. 1988a. Home ranges of sympatric red kangaroos Macropus rufus, and western grey kangaroos Macropus fuliginosus, in western New-South-Wales. Wildlife Research. 15(4):405-411.

Priddel D, Wellard G, Shepherd N. 1988b. Movements of sympatric red kangaroos, Macropus rufus, and western grey kangaroos, Macropus fuliginosus, in Western New South Wales. Wildlife Research. 15(3):339-346.

San Diego Zoo Global History Timeline. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global Library; [accessed 2017 May 10].

Scroggie MP, Moloney PD, Ramsey DSL. 2017. Design of an aerial survey to estimate the abundance of kangaroos in Victoria. Arthur Rylah Institute for Environmental Research Technical Report No. 280. Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia; 32 pp.

Sherwen SL, Hemsworth PH, Butler KL, Fanson KV, Magrath MJ. 2015. Impacts of visitor number on kangaroos housed in free‐range exhibits. Zoo Biology. 34(4):287-295.

Simons J. 2013. Kangaroo. London (United Kingdom): Reaktion Books.

Staker L. 2006. The complete guide to the care of macropods. Australia: Matilda's Publishing.

Strahan, R. 1983. The Australian museum complete book of Australian mammals: the national photographic index of Australian wildlife. London: Angus & Robertson.

Stephenson LR. 2015a. The San Diego Zoo: the founding era 1916-1953. San Diego (CA): The Zoological Society of San Diego.

Stephenson LR. 2015b. The San Diego Zoo: the modern era 1954-2016. San Diego (CA): The Zoological Society of San Diego.

UNEP. 2020. Species+ [online database]. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP [compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK]. [accessed 2020 Dec 09].

Warburton NM, Bateman PW, Fleming PA. 2013. Sexual selection on forelimb muscles of western grey kangaroos (Skippy was clearly a female). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 109(4):923-931.

Weigl R. 2005. Longevity of mammals in captivity: from the living collections of the world; a list of mammalian longevity in captivity. Stuttgart (Germany): E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

Additional Internet Resources


Western gray kangaroo

Image credit: © John Watts at Flickr. All rights reserved. Used with permission from the artist.

Image location: Cape Willoughby, Kangaroo Island, Australia

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