Managed care reproduction
North American Zoos
San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance
Nola, a northern white rhinoceros receiving veterinary care at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park. Nola passed away in 2015. As one of then just four members of her subspecies left in the world, Nola's care was of the utmost priority for staff. All 3 currently remaining northern white rhinos have reproductive issues; reproductive efforts have yet to be successful.
Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. All rights reserved.
Emslie and Brooks (1999)
Roth and Brown (1999
San Diego Zoo (2015)