Northern White Rhino (Ceratotherium simum cottoni)
Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. All rights reserved.
Describer (Date): Burchell (1817)
Species: C. simum
Subspecies: C. s. simum (southern)
Body Length (head body): 360-420 cm (12-14 ft)
Tail Length: 80-100 cm (3 ft)
Pelage: Hair only at tip of tail and fringes of ears
Horns: Two horns on rostrum, one in front of the other
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
Range: Disjunct populations in east-central Africa and southern Africa
Habitat: Grasslands and savannahs; do not like closed forest or thick brush.
IUCN Status: Near Threatened (2011 assessment)
CITES Appendix: C. s. simum from South Africa Appendix II; all other populations of both subspecies Appendix I
Population in Wild:
Locomotion: Fairly sedentary; do not disperse very rapidly
Activity Cycle: Most active (feeding) early morning and late afternoon; rest during midday. At night, alternate between resting and feeding
Social Groups: Not very social. Territorial bulls almost always alone. Females with calves or unrelated adolescents. Groups of adolescents
Diet: Consume short grasses
Predators: Humans; young may be vulnerable to lions.
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
Gestation: 16 months
Litter Size: 1
Age at Weaning: at about 1 year of age
Typical Life Expectancy:
© 2015-2019 San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. Minor updates in 2013, 2015. Population updates Mar 2018, Apr 2019.
How to cite: White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) Fact Sheet. c2015-2019. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/ whiterhino.
(note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Jan 15)
Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to firstname.lastname@example.org.