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- 260,000-330,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2016)
Estimates from 1990s through 2001
- Galapagos Islands: 435 (Brueker & Vargas, 1998; Delany & Scott, 2002)
- Bahamas: 60,000 (Delany & Scott, 2002)
- Cuba: 100,000 to 200,000 (FSG, 2000; Delany & Scott, 2002)
- Venezuela, and Bonaire: 34,000 (Delany & Scott, 2002; Espinoza et al., 2000)
- Yucatan Peninsula: 30,000 (Delany & Scott, 2002)
- Appendix II (UNEP 2019)
- Entire family of flamingos listed since 1983
- Believed extinct in 1924, the James' flamingo was rediscovered in 1957, its range overlapping that of the Chilean flamingo.
- Large protected areas important to protection of flamingos
- Shift habitat use with seasonal changes in food and environmental conditions
Threats to Survival
- Habitat loss due to road construction and coastal development (houses, docks, industrial, etc.)
- Lead poisoning due to the ingestion of lead shot
- Lead bullets now prohibited in some areas
- Large numbers of tourists, bird watchers and photographers can disturb colonies enough to cause substantial losses of eggs and young.
- Because the color of feathers fades quickly after plucking, the feather trade of the early 20th century did not exploit flamingos the way it did many other bird species.
Baldassarre & Arengo (2000)
BirdLife International (2016)
Brueker & Vargas (1998)
Delany & Scott (2002)
Espinoza et al. (2000)