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Hamadryas Baboon (Papio hamadryas) Fact Sheet: Bibliography & Resources


Abegglen JJ. 1984. On socialization in Hamadryas Baboons. Blackwell University Press.

Abegglen H, Abegglen JJ. 1976. Field observation of a birth in Hamadryas Baboons. Folia Primatologica. 26:54-56.

Al-Safadi MM. 1994. The Hamadryas Baboon, Papio hamadryas (Linnaeus, 1758) in Yemen (Mammalia: Primates: Cercopithecidae). Zoology in the Middle East. 10:5-16.

AZA. 2023. Species Survival Statistics [data table report]. Chicago (IL): Lincoln Park Zoo/AZA Population Management Center; [accessed 2023 Apr 18].

Bachmann C, Kummer H. 1980. Male assessment of female choice in Hamadryas Baboons. Behavior, Ecology Sociobiology. 6:315-321.

Biquand S, Biquand-Guyot V, Bout A, Gautier J-P. 1992. The distribution of Papio hamadryas in Saudi Arabia: ecological correlates and human influence. International Journal of Primatology. 13:223-243.

Brown RW. 1956. Composition of Scientific Words. Published by the author.

Finstermeier K, Zinner D, Brameier M, Meyer M, Kreuz E, Hofreiter M, Roos C. 2013. A mitogenomic phylogeny of living primates. PLoS. 8(7): 1-10.

Gippoliti, S. 2019. Papio hamadryas. The IUCN red list of threatened species [Internet]. Version 2020.2; e.T16019A17953082 [species assessed 2016 Aug 04; page accessed 2020 Oct 27]. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T16019A17953082.en.

Gippoliti, S. & Ehardt, T. 2008. Papio hamadryas. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 21 November 2013.

Gotch AF. 1995. Latin names explained: a guide to the scientific classification of reptiles, birds and mammals. London (England): Blandford. p. 517.

Hapke A, Zinner D, Zischler H. 2001. Mitochondrial DNA variation in Eritrean Hamadryas Baboons (Papio hamadryas hamadryas): life history influences population genetic structure. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 50(6): 483-492.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System database (ITIS). [cited Nov 2013]. Papio hamadryas (Linnaeus, 1758). Available from:

Ions V. 1982. Egyptian mythology. New York (New York): Peter Bedrick Books.

Jolly C. 1993. Species, subspecies, and baboon systematics, In: Kimbel WH, Martin L.B. editors. Species concepts, and primate evolution. New York (New York): Plenum Press. p. 67-107.

Kamal KB, Ghandour AM, Brian PF. 1994. Studies on new geographical distribution of Hamadryas Baboons Papio hamadryas in the western region of Saudi Arabia. Journal of the Egyptian Veterinary Medical Association. 54: 81-89.

Kingdon J. 1997. The Kingdon field guide to African mammals. San Diego: Academic Press.

Kummer H. 1968a. Two variations in the social organization of baboons. In: Jay PC editor. Primates: studies in adaptation and variability. New York (New York): Holt, Rinehart Winston, Inc. p. 293-312.

Kummer H. 1968b. Social organization of Hamadryas Baboons. A field study. Chicago (Illinois): University of Chicago Press.

Kummer H, Banaja AA, Abo-Khatwa AN, Ghandour AM. 1985. Differences in social behavior between Ethiopian and Arabian Hamadryas Baboons. Folia Primatologica. 45: 1-8.

Kummer H. 1995. In quest of the sacred baboon. Biederman-Thorson MA, translator. Princeton (New Jersey): Princeton University Press.

Kummer H, Banaja AA, Abo-Khatwa AN, Ghandour AM. 1981. Mammals of Saudi Arabia: primates: a survey of Hamadryas Baboons in Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 3: 441-471.

MacDonald J. 1965. Almost human. The baboon: wild and tame-in fact and legend. Philadelphia (Pennsylvania): Chilton.

Morris D, Morris R. 1966. Men and apes. New York (New York): McGraw-Hill.

Nagel U. 1973. A comparison of Anubis Baboons, Hamadryas Baboons and their hybrids at a species border in Ethiopia. Folia Primatologica. 19(2-3): 104-165

Nowak R. 1999. Walker's mammals of the world, Sixth Edition. Baltimore (Maryland): The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Phillips-Conroy JE, Jolly CJ. 1986. Changes in the structure of the baboon hybrid zone in the Awash National Park, Ethiopia. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 71: 337-350.

Schreier AL. 2010. Feeding ecology, food availability and ranging patterns for wild Hamadryas Baboons at Filoha. Folia Primatologica. 81(3):129-145.

Shotake T. 1981. Population genetical study of natural hybridization between Papio anubis and P. hamadryas. Primates 22(3): 285-308.

Sigg H, Stolba A. 1981. Home range and daily march in a Hamadryas Baboon troop. Folia Primatologica. 36(1-2): 40-75.

Sigg H, Stolba A, Abegglen J-J, Dasser V. 1982. Life history of Hamadryas Baboons: physical development, infant mortality, reproductive parameters and family relationships. Primates. 23(4): 473-487.

Species+: Papio hamadryas [website/database]. 2018. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP [compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK]. [accessed 2018 Jun 27].

Swedell L. 2002a. Affiliation among females in wild Hamadryas Baboons (Papio hamadryas hamadryas). International Journal of Primatology. 23(6): 1205-1226.

Swedell L. 2002b. Ranging behavior, group size and behavioral flexibility in Ethiopian Hamadryas Baboons (Papio hamadryas hamadryas). Folia Primatologica. 73:95-103.

Swedell L, Tesfaye T. 2003. Infant mortality after takeovers in wild Ethiopian Hamadryas Baboons. American Journal of Primatology. 60(3): 113-118.

Szalay FS, Delson E. 1979. Evolutionary history of the primates. New York (New York): Academic Press.

UNEP. 2020. Species+: Papio hamadryas [online database]. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP [compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK]. [accessed 2020 Nov 25].

Wildman DE, Berman TJ, al-Aghbari A, Sterner KN, Newman TK, Phillips-Conroy JE, Jolly CJ, Disotell TR. 2004. Mitochondrial evidence for the origin of Hamadryas Baboons. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 32(1): 287-296.

Wiley JN. 2012. North American regional Hamadryas Baboon studbook (Papio hamadryas), 5th Edition. Association of Zoos and Aquariums

Williams BA, Ross CF, Frost SR, Waddle DM, Gabadirwe M, Brook GA. 2012. Fossil Papio cranium from! Ncumsta (Koanaka) Hills, western Ngamiland, Botswana. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 149(1): 1-17.

Winney BJ, Hammond RL, Macasero W, Flores B, Boug A, Biquand V, Biquand S, Bruford MW. 2004. Crossing the Red Sea: phylogeography of the Hamadryas Baboon. Papio hamadryas hamadryas. Molecular Ecology. 13(9): 2819-2827.

Zinner D. 2013. Hamadryas baboon Papio hamadryas. In: Mittermeier RA, Rylands AB, Wilson DE, editors. Handbook of the mammals of the world: vol. 3 primates. Barcelona (Spain): Lynx Edicions; c2013. p. 664-665.

Zinner D, Pelaez F, Torkler F. 2001. Distribution and habitat associations of baboons (Papio hamadryas) in Central Eritrea. International Journal of Primatology. 22(3): 397-413.

Zinner D, Wertheimer J, Liedigk R, Groeneveld LF, Roos C. 2013. Baboon phylogeny as inferred from complete mitochondrial genomes. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 150:133-140.

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