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Hamadryas Baboon (Papio hamadryas) Fact Sheet: Diet & Feeding

Diet and Feeding

Feeding habit

  • Primarily vegetarian, though omnivorous (Kummer 1968a; Kummer 1968b; Kummer 1995; Schreier 2010; Sigg and Stolbe 1981; Zinner et al. 2001)

Diet varies regionally

  • Africa
    • Grass seeds
    • Roots of Boerhavia repens
    • Berries of Grewia bushes
    • Acacia flowers (in rainy season)
    • Acacia leaves and acacia pods (in dry season)
  • Arabia
    • Similar to diet in Africa
    • Often feed at city waste facilities (Kummer et al. 1985)
  • Fruit and young shoots of opuntia cactus (where introduced)
  • Nuts of the doum palm tree (Hyphaene thebaica)
  • See Schreier (2010) for a detailed study on diet of baboons in the Filoha palm forests in Awash National Park, Ethiopia

Rarely carnivorous (Kummer 1995)

  • Prey on hare or dik-dik antelope
  • Locusts when they swarm

May eat agricultural grains (Biquand et al. 1992; Kummer 1968b; Zinner et al. 2001)


hamadryas baboon with young, feeding

Hamadryas baboon feeding, with young. South Lakes Wild Animal Park, UK.

Image credit: © Tony Roberts at Flickr. Some rights reserved.

Page Citations

Biquand et al. (1992)
Kummer (1968a)
Kummer (1968b)
Kummer (1985)
Kummer (1995)
Schreier (2010)
Sigg and Stolbe (1981)
Zinner et al. (2001)

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