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Okapi (Okapia johnstoni) Fact Sheet: Distribution & Habitat

Okapi Okapia johnstoni


  • Endemic to forests of Democratic Republic of Congo, occurring between about 500 m and 1,500 m elevation on both sides of the Congo River.
  • Okapi populations in the Ituri / Aruwimi and adjacent Nepoko basin forests, and the forests of the upper Lindi, Maiko and Tshopo Basins; also well known in the Rubi-Tele region in Bas Uele. (IUCN Redlist 2008)


  • Limited to closed, high canopy forests, occurring in a wide range of primary and older secondary forest types.
  • Okapi don't range into gallery forests or into forest islands on the savanna and they don't stay in the disturbed habitats surrounding human settlements.
  • Will occupy seasonally flooded areas when the ground is still wet, but they do not occur in truly wet sites or extensive swamp forest.
  • Tree fall gaps are selected foraging sites for okapi during the early stages of regeneration (Hart & Hart 1989).

Okapi Distribution Map

Okapi distribution

Okapi are only found in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in Africa.

Adapted from according to IUCN fact sheet. Click here or on map for detailed distribution (IUCN).

Page Citations

Hart & Hart (1988)
IUCN Redlist (2008)
Bodmer & Gubista (1988)

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