Other colloquial or local names
Fossil history and evolutionary relationships
Closest known extant relatives (López et al. 2006; A. Lopez, personal communication)
Note: This information describes sharks in a general sense and is not specific to Triakis species.
Source: Crawford (2008) throughout, except as noted
Culture, folklore, and history
Television and film
Class: Chondrichthyes - cartilaginous fishes (sharks, rays, skates, and chimeras)
Subclass: Elasmobranchii - elasmobranchs (sharks, rays, skates)
Order: Carcharhiniformes - ground sharks
Family: Triakidae (Gray, 1851) - houndsharks, smoothhound sharks, smooth dogfish sharks, gummy sharks, tope sharks, whiskery sharks
Genus: Triakis (Müller and Henle, 1838) - leopard and houndsharks
Species: Triakis semifasciata (Girard, 1855) - leopard shark
Species: Triakis megalopterus (Smith, 1839) - spotted gully shark, sharptooth houndshark
Sources: Compagno (2003); Castro (2011); Integrated Taxonomic Information System (2017)
A 19th century illustration of a spotted gully shark (with mouth detail below).
"Mustelus megalopterus." Plate 2 in Andrew Smith's 1849 book, Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa.
Image credit: Made available by the Biodiversity Heritage Library. Public domain.