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African Elephants (Loxodonta africana and L. cyclotis) Fact Sheet: Bibliography

Bibliography

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Desmond T, Laule G. 1991. Protected Contact Elephant Training. American Association of Zoological Parks & Aquariums. National Conference, San Diego, CA.Conference Proceedings. (AAZPA) Wheeling, West Virginia. pp. 606-613.

Desmond T, Laule G. 1993. The Politics of Protected Contact. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. National Conference, Omaha, Nebraska. Conference Proceedings. (AAZPA) Wheeling, West Virginia. pp. 12-18.

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Eltringham SK. 1991. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Elephants. New York: Crescent Books.

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Estes RD. 1991. The Behavior Guide to African Mammals. Los Angeles: The University of California Press.

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Groves CP, Grubb P 2000. Do Loxodonta cyclotis and L. africana interbreed? Elephant 2:4-7.

Grubb P, Groves CP, Dudley JP, Shoshani J. 2000. Living African elephants belong to two species: Loxodonta africana (Blumenbach, 1797) and Loxodonta cyclotis (Matschie, 1900). Elephant 2(4):1-4.

Guerrero D. 1995. Elephant Management: The Evolution of Change. Elephant Managers' Association Journal (EMA), VI (2) Indianapolis, IN. pp. 43-52.

Guerrero D. 1995. Elephant & Human Social Styles: How to Apply Them to Training. Elephant Managers' Association Journal (EMA), VI (3) Indianapolis, IN. pp. 48-53.

Guerrero D. 1996. Environmentalism & Emotionalism: Operating Through Instead of Reacting To. Elephant Managers' Association Journal (EMA), VII (1) Indianapolis, IN. pp. 46-50.

Guerrero D. 1996. ABC's: Animal behavior concerns and solutions. Behavior evaluation: elephant (Elephas maximus indicus). Animal Keeper's Forum. 23 (9):482-485. American Association of Zookeepers, (AAZK) Topeka, KS. 

Heffner R,  Heffner H. 1980. Hearing in the elephant (Elephas maximus). Science, 208(4443):518-520.

Ishida Y, Oleksyk TK, Georgiadis NJ, David VA, Zhao K, Stephens RM, Kolokotronis S-O, Roca AL. 2011. Reconciling apparent conflicts between mitochondrial and nuclear phylogenies in African elephants. PloS one. 6(6):e20642. http://www.dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020642

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Lee PC, S Sayialel, Lindsay WK, Moss CJ. 2012. African elephant age determination from teeth: validation from known individuals. African Journal of Ecology 50:9-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2011.01286.x

Lee PC, Fishlock V, Webber CE, Moss CJ. 2016. The reproductive advantages of a long life: longevity and senescence in wild female African elephants. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 70:337-345. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00265-015-2051-5

Lehnhardt J. 1991. Elephant Handling - A Problem of Risk Management. American Association of Zoological Parks & Aquariums. National Conference, San Diego, CA. Conference Proceedings. (AAZPA) Wheeling, West Virginia. pp. 569-575.

Maddox S. 1992. Bull Elephant Management: A Safe Alternative. American Association of Zoological Parks & Aquariums. Central Regional Conference, Dallas, Texas. Conference Proceedings. (AAZPA) Wheeling, West Virginia. pp. 376-382.

Maisels F, Strindberg S, Blake S, Wittemyer G, Hart J, Williamson EA, Aba’a R, Abitsi G, Ambahe RD, Amsini F et al. 2013. Devastating decline of forest elephants in Central Africa. PloS One. 8(3):e59469. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059469

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McCarthy M. 2010. Trade in mammoth ivory 'is fueling slaughter of African elephants': conservationists fear that legal treade is eing used as a front for launderig of poached tusks. Independent/UK Sept. 29, 2010. Retrieved 6 July 2011 from:http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/nature/trade-in-mammoth-ivory-is-fuelling-slaughter-of-african-elephants-2092528.html

Mennell KG, Scholes RJ, editors. 2008. Assessment of South African Elephant Management. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press. 448 p. [PDF]

Mikota SK, Sargent EL  Ranglack GS.  1994. Medical Management of the Elephant. West Bloomfield, MI: Indira Publishing House.

Miller G, Wilcox C, Latores S, Upchurch B. 1993. "C" is for Cindy: A Case History. American Association of Zoological Parks & Aquariums. National Conference, Omaha, Nebraska. Conference Proceedings. (AAZPA) Wheeling, West Virginia. pp. 32-34.

Moss C. 1998. Elephant Memories: Thirteen Years in the Life of an Elephant Family. New York: William Morrow & Co. 336 pp.

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Olson DJ 1997. North American Regional Studbook for the African Elephant. Indianapolis, IN: Indianapolis Zoo.

Olson D. 2014. African elephant studbook: North American region. Azle (TX): International Elephant Foundation. 127 p.

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O'Sullivan T. 1993. Protected Contact at the St. Louis Zoo. Paper presentation, Elephant Managers' Association Conference. Vallejo, CA.

Palombo, M. R. and P. Villa 2001. Schreger lines as support in the Elephantidae identification. The World of Elephants - International Congress, Rome [PDF]

Parrott,J. 1993. A New Modified Protected Contact Elephant Management Program to Maximize Keeper Safety. American Association of Zoological Parks & Aquariums. National Conference, Omaha, Nebraska. Conference Proceedings. (AAZPA) Wheeling, West Virginia. pp. 35-38.

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Priest G. 1994. Answers to questions about protected contact elephant management. Animal Keeper's Forum. 21(3): 80-91. American Association of Zookeepers, (AAZK) Topeka, KS.

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Roca AL, Geogiadis N, Pecon-Slattery J, O'Brien SJ 2001. Genetic evidence for two species of elephant in Africa. Science 293:1473-1477.

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Roca AL, Georgiadis N, O'Brien SJ. 2005. Cytonuclear genomic dissociation in African elephant species. Nature Genetics. 37(1):96-100. http://www.dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng1485

Rohland N, Malaspinas A, Pollack J, Slatkin M, Matheus P, Hofreiter M. 2007. Proboscidean mitogenomics: chronology and mode of elephant evolution using mastodon as outgroup. Public Library of Science (PLOS) Biology 5(8) [PDF]

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