This fact sheet, like an elephant, is aging gracefully. San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance is working to bring you an updated version of the African Elephants Fact Sheet with new science and conservation information. Thanks for your patience, as our tusks go to the ground and dig into this huge project. Please check back soon. SDZWA team members can email questions to firstname.lastname@example.org.
|Savannah Elephant (Loxodonta africana)||Forest Elephant (L. cyclotis)|
|Bull (male)||Cow (female)||Bull (male)||Cow (female)|
|Body Weight||4,000-6,300 kg (8,818-13,889 lbs)||2,400-3,500 kg (5,291-7,716 lb)||2,700-6,000 kg (5,952-13,228 lb)||2,700-6,000 kg (5,952-13,228 lb)|
|Shoulder Height||4 m (13 ft )||2.2 - 2.6 m (7.2-8.5 ft)||2.4 – 2.8 m (8-9 ft)||1.8 - 2.4 m (5.9-7.9 ft)|
Head and facial features
Distinguishing features of savannah and forest elephants
Elephant trunks are used for lifting heavy objects, snorkeling in water, and communicating through touch.
A trunk can reach up to 6.5 feet in length and weigh as much as 440 pounds. These helpful appendages are formed by a fusion of the nose and upper lip. Eight muscles on either side give the animals great dexterity.
Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. All rights reserved.
Grubb & Groves (2000)
Heffner & Heffner (1980)
Vaughn et al. (2010)