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African Elephants (Loxodonta africana and L. cyclotis) Fact Sheet: Managed Care

History of Managed Care

Historical notes

  • Tiergarten Schonbrunn
    • First elephant born in managed care was born at the facility
      • “Madi” lived 38 years
  • North America
    • First elephant in the U.S.
      • An Asian elephant was the first imported
        • The young animal arrived by sailing ship
      • The first African elephant arrived in 1804 (possibly 1824)
        • The individual was exhibited at The Bronx Zoo
    • In 2003 USFWS approved the importation of 7 elephants from the Kingdom of Swaziland to the Wild Animal Park (1 male and 6 females)
      • Individuals were the first importation of elephants in 15 years

Current Population

North America (from Olson 2014)

  • 218 individuals, as of April 2014
    • 41 males, 176 females
    • 164 are managed under the AZA Species Survival Plan

San Diego Zoo Global (SDZG)

Historical notes (from Olson 2014; ZIMS)

  • First African elephant at San Diego Zoo
    • 1953; a female savannah elephant (Loxodonta africana)
      • She survived into her mid-50s

Current population (from ZIMS 2015)

  • San Diego Zoo
    • 3 savannah/bush elephants, as of 7 May 2015
      • All are females and are over 30 years of age
    • No forest elephants (L. cyclotis) are currently at the zoo, as of 7 May 2015
  • San Diego Zoo Safari Park
    • 13 savannah/bush elephants, as of 7 May 2015
      • 7 males and 3 females
    • Elephant Cam at the SDZG Safari Park
    • No forest elephants are currently at the park, as of 7 May 2015

Live camera feeds

African Elephant

African elephant calf and adult

Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Global. All rights reserved.

What makes milk nutritious?

Learn how San Diego Zoo Global's research on elephant milk is keeping young elephants healthy.

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Page Citations

Olson & Schwammer (2001)
Olson (2014)
Shoshani (1992)
ZIMS (2015)

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