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Chinese Giant Salamanders (Andrias spp.) Fact Sheet: Bibliography & Resources


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Chen X. 1989. Amphibia and Reptilia. In: Economic Fauna of Qinghai; Xining DL, editor. Northwest Plateau Institute of Biology Qinghai, China; p. 173-227. [In Chinese].

Chen Z, Gui J, Gao X, Pei C, Hong Y, Zhang Q. 2013. Genome architecture changes and major gene variations of Andrias davidianus ranavirus (ADRV). Vet Res. 44(1):101. doi:10.1186/1297-9716-44-101.

Chen Z-Y, Li T, Gao X-C, Wang C-F, Zhang Q-Y. 2018. Protective immunity induced by DNA vaccination against ranavirus infection in Chinese giant salamander Andrias davidianus. Viruses. 10(2):52. doi:10.3390/v10020052.

Cheng W. 1998. The ecological and behavioural research of Andrias davidianus and its protection. Russ J Herpetol. 5(1):2–4.

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Cunningham AA, Turvey ST, Zhou F, Meredith HMR, Guan W, Liu X, Sun C, Wang Z, Wu M. 2016. Development of the Chinese giant salamander Andrias davidianus farming industry in Shaanxi Province, China: conservation threats and opportunities. Oryx. 50(02):265–273. doi:10.1017/S0030605314000842.

Dai Q, Wang Y, Liang G. 2010. Conservation status of Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus). Yi W, translator. Chengdu, Sichuan Province, People’s Republic of China: Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Dong W, Zhang X, Yang C, An J, Qin J, Song F, Zeng W. 2011. Iridovirus infection in Chinese giant salamanders, China, 2010. Emerg Infect Dis. 17(12):2388–2389. doi:10.3201/eid1712.101758.

Duan R-Y, Kong X-Q, Huang M-Y, Varela S, Ji X. 2016. The potential effects of climate change on amphibian distribution, range fragmentation and turnover in China. PeerJ. 4:e2185. doi:10.7717/peerj.2185.

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Fortuny J, Marcé-Nogué J, Heiss E, Sanchez M, Gil L, Galobart À. 2015. 3D bite modeling and feeding mechanics of the largest living amphibian, the Chinese giant salamander Andrias davidianus (Amphibia:Urodela). Jeffery N, editor. PLoS ONE. 10(4):e0121885. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0121885.

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Fukumoto S, Ushimaru A, Minamoto T. 2015. A basin-scale application of environmental DNA assessment for rare endemic species and closely related exotic species in rivers: a case study of giant salamanders in Japan. J Appl Ecol. 52(2):358–365. doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12392.

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Geng Y, James Gray M, Wang K, Chen D, Ouyang P, Huang X, He C, Zhong Z, Yang Z. 2016. Pathological changes in Andrias davidianus infected with Chinese giant salamander ranavirus. Asian Herpetol Res. 7:258–264.

Geng Y, Wang KY, Zhou ZY, Li CW, Wang J, He M, Yin ZQ, Lai WM. 2011. First report of a ranavirus associated with morbidity and mortality in farmed Chinese giant salamanders (Andrias davidianus). J Comp Pathol. 145(1):95–102. doi:10.1016/j.jcpa.2010.11.012.

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Haker K. 1997. Haltung und Zucht des Chinesischen Riesensalamanders Andrias davidianus. Salamandra. 33:69–74.

Hamanaka K, Akimoto H, Otake A, Yamamoto K, Nishikawa K. 2020. Andrias japonicus (Japanese giant salamander). Diet. Herpetol. Rev. 51(3): 554-555.

He D, Zhu W, Zeng W, Lin J, Ji Y, Wang Y, Zhang C, Lu Y, Zhao D, Su N, et al. 2018. Nutritional and medicinal characteristics of Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus) for applications in healthcare industry by artificial cultivation: a review. Food Sci Hum Wellness. 7(1):1–10. doi:10.1016/j.fshw.2018.03.001.

Heiss E, Natchev N, Gumpenberger M, Weissenbacher A, Van Wassenbergh S. 2013. Biomechanics and hydrodynamics of prey capture in the Chinese giant salamander reveal a high-performance jaw-powered suction feeding mechanism. J R Soc Interface. 10(82):20121028. doi:10.1098/rsif.2012.1028.

Hong C, Guo-Hua Y, Heatwole H. 2000. Ultrastructure of the skin mechanoreceptors of the Chinese giant salamander, Andrias davidianus. J Morphol. 245:80–85.

Hong C, Shi-Qiang H, Heatwole H. 1995. Ampullary organs, pit organs, and neuromasts of the Chinese giant salamander, Andrias davidianus. J Morphol. 226(2):149–157. doi:10.1002/jmor.1052260204.

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Ke F, Gui J-F, Chen Z-Y, Li T, Lei C-K, Wang Z-H, Zhang Q-Y. 2018. Divergent transcriptomic responses underlying the ranaviruses-amphibian interaction processes on interspecies infection of Chinese giant salamander. BMC Genomics. 19(1):211. doi:10.1186/s12864-018-4596-y.

Laidler L, Laidler K. 1996. Giant salamander. In: China’s threatened wildlife. London (England). p. 104–106.

Liang F, Wu G. 2010. The activity rhythm and reproductive behaviors of Andrias davidianus. Chin J Zool. 2010(1):12.

Liang G, Geng B, Zhao E. 2004. Andrias davidianus. The IUCN red list of threatened species. Version 2018.2; e.T1272A3375181 (species assessed 2004 Apr 30; page accessed 2019 Mar 27). doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T1272A3375181.en.

Liang Z, Chen W, Wang D, Zhang S, Wang C, He S, Wu Y, He P, Xie J, Li C, et al. 2019. Phylogeographic patterns and conservation implications of the endangered Chinese giant salamander. Ecol Evol. 9(7):3879–3890. doi:10.1002/ece3.5014.

Liu C-C. 1950. Megalobatrachus davidianus Blanchard. In: Amphibians of western China (Fieldiana: zoology memoirs, vol. 2). Chicago (IL): Chicago Natural History Museum. p. 69–77.

Liu G, Liu Q. 1998. Andrias davidianus Blanchard, 1871. In: Sung W, editor; Ermi Z, translator. China red data book of endangered animals: Amphibia and Reptilia. Beijing (China): Science Press. p. 30–33.

Liu G, Tang H. 1989. The biological observations and a primary study of culture on larvae of Megalobatrachus davidanus Blanchard. In: Current herpetology in East Asia: proceedings of the second Japan-China herpetological symposium (Matsui M, Hikida T, Goris RC, editors). Kyoto (Japan): Herpetological Society of Japan; p. 26-33.

Lu C, Chai J, Murphy RW, Che J. 2020. Giant salamanders: farmed yet endangered. Science. 367(6481):989.1-989. doi:10.1126/science.abb2375.

Luo Q, Liu Y, Zhang L, Chen G, Kang L. 2009. Investigation on resources of Chinese giant salamander in Zhangjiajie City. Sichuan J Zool. 28(3):422–436.

Luo Q, Song Y, Hu X, Zhu S, Wang H, Ji H. 2018. Effects of tourism disturbance on habitat quality and population size of the Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus). Wildl Res. 45(5):411–420. doi:10.1071/WR17092.

Luo Q, Tong F, Song Y, Wang H, Du M, Ji H. 2018. Observation of the breeding behavior of the Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus) using a digital monitoring system. Animals. 8(10):161. doi:10.3390/ani8100161.

Maslin TP. 1950. The production of sound in caudate Amphibia. Ser Biol. 4:29–45.

Matsui M, Tominaga A, Liu W, Tanaka-Ueno T. 2008. Reduced genetic variation in the Japanese giant salamander, Andrias japonicus (Amphibia: Caudata). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 49(1):318–326. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.07.020.

Meng Y, Ma J, Jiang N, Zeng L-B, Xiao H-B. 2014. Pathological and microbiological findings from mortality of the Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus). Arch Virol. 159(6):1403–1412. doi:10.1007/s00705-013-1962-6.

Meng Y, Tian H, Hu Q, Liang H, Zeng L, Xiao H. 2018. MicroRNA repertoire and comparative analysis of Andrias davidianus infected with ranavirus using deep sequencing. Dev Comp Immunol. 85:108–114. doi:10.1016/j.dci.2018.04.002.

Meng Y, Zhang Y, Liang HW, Xiao HB, Xie CX. 2012. Genetic diversity of Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus) based on the novel microsatellite markers. Russ J Genet. 48(12):1227–1231. doi:10.1134/S102279541212006X.

Montgomery JC, Windsor S, Bassett D. 2009. Behavior and physiology of mechanoreception: separating signal and noise. Integr Zool. 4(1):3–12. doi:10.1111/j.1749-4877.2008.00130.x.

Murphy RW, Fu J, Upton DE, De Lema T, Zhao E-M. 2000. Genetic variability among endangered Chinese giant salamanders, Andrias davidianus. Mol Ecol. 9(10):1539–1547. doi:10.1046/j.1365-294x.2000.01036.x.

Nickerson MA. 2004. Asiatic giant salamanders and hellbenders (Cryptobranchidae). In: Hutchins M, Evans AV, Jackson JA, Kleiman DG, Murphy JB, Thoney DA, editors. Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia, 2nd Ed. Vol. 6. Gale Publishing. p. 343–347. [accessed 2019 May 21].

Olshanskii VM, Baron VD, Wei X. 2016. Electrical discharges in Chinese salamander Andrias davidianus. Dokl Biochem Biophys. 471(1):447–449. doi:10.1134/S1607672916060193.

Pan Y, Wei G, Cunningham AA, Li S, Chen S, Milner-Gulland EJ, Turvey ST. 2016. Using local ecological knowledge to assess the status of the Critically Endangered Chinese giant salamander Andrias davidianus in Guizhou Province, China. Oryx. 50(02):257–264. doi:10.1017/S0030605314000830.

Pierson TW, Yan F, Wang Y, Papenfuss T. 2014. A survey for the Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus; Blanchard, 1871) in the Qinghai Province. Amphib Reptile Conserv. 8(1):e74.

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Shu-Cheng L, Dong-Feng L, Jin-Chang J. 1990. Call and skin glands secretion induced by stimulation of midbrain in urodele (Andrias davidianus). Brain Res. 528(1):159–161. doi:10.1016/0006-8993(90)90211-S.

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Su S, Wang Y, Wang H, Huang W, Chen J, Xing J, Xu P, Yuan X, Huang C, Zhou Y. 2018. Comparative expression analysis identifies the respiratory transition-related miRNAs and their target genes in tissues of metamorphosing Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus). BMC Genomics. 19(1):406. doi:10.1186/s12864-018-4662-5.

Tao F, Wang X, Zheng H, Fang S. 2005. Genetic structure and geographic subdivision of four populations of the Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus). Zool Res. 26(2):162–167.

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Skin of a Chinese giant salamander, San Diego Zoo

A Chinese giant salamander's spotted skin helps it to camouflage with rocks in a stream.

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