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Coquerel's Sifaka (Propithecus coquereli) Fact Sheet: Managed Care

Life in Managed Care

Diet in managed care (from Haring 2012)

  • Dietary staples
    • Folivore chow
    • Vegetables: carrot, sweet potato, onion, corn, green bean, cucumber, and broccoli
    • Legumes & nuts: garbanzo and other cooked beans, bean sprouts, and mixed nuts
    • Leafy greens: kale, collards, and cabbage
  • Browse
    • Mimosa, winged sumac, sweetgum, redbud, black locust, American hornbeam, tulip poplar, and other trees
      • Young, tender new growth preferred

Reproduction in managed care (from D. Haring personal communication)

  • Earliest age at first reproduction
    • 2.6 years, males and females
  • Reproductive into old age
    • Oldest female to reproduce: 20.4 years
    • Oldest male to reproduce: 29.8 years
  • Births occur seasonally
    • Conception typically occurs between July and September
      • 81% of conceptions
    • Births most often between December and March

History in Managed Care

History in managed care (from Haring 2012)

  • Few housed in zoological facilities
  • In North America
    • 1962: first Coquerel's sifaka, a female named "Charlotte", housed at Duke Lemur Center
    • 1970: 1st individuals born in managed care at Duke Lemur Center
    • 1985: marks the start of successful managed care breeding program developed by Duke Lemur Center
    • 1988: last import of wild individuals to an Associate of Zoo and Aquarium (AZA) institution

San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance (from Haring 2012)

  • 1964: first Coquerel's sifaka
  • 1965-1967: attempts at housing unsuccessful
    • None held after 1967

Coquerel's Sifaka at Duke Lemur Center

two sifaka sitting in a tree

Animals in managed care have provided valuable informaiton on lemur behavior and reproduction.

Duke Lemur Center is a leader in studying the behavior of several lemur species including Coquerel's sifaka. The facility houses several free ranging groups of sifaka which inhabit a forested, outdoor enclosures.

Image credit: © D. Haring. All rights reserved.

Page Citations

Haring (2012)
Haring and Bryan (2014)

SDZWA Library Links