Jaguar (Panthera onca)
Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Global. All rights reserved.
Describer (Date): Linnaeus 1758
Species: Panthera onca*
*Status of subspecies is unclear.
Body Weight: 57-113 kg (126-249 lb)
Body Length: 112-185 cm (44-73 in)
Tail Length: 45-75 cm (18-30 in)
Pelage: Spotted pattern in rosettes, with smaller spots inside.
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
Range: Mexico through Central America, South America; a few individuals live in U.S. southwest.
Habitat: Dense lowland and montane tropical forests; often near water, though highly adaptable to drier habitats.
IUCN Status: Near Threatened (2016 assessment) (Quigley et al. 2017)
CITES Appendix: Appendix I (UNEP 2018)
Population in Wild: About 173,000 individuals. Most numerous in Brazil and Peru.
Locomotion: 50 cm (19.7 in) strides; run top sped (100 km/hr or 62 mph) short distance.
Activity Cycle: Primarily hunt at night; varies locally.
Social Groups: Solitary except when mating or female caring for young.
Diet: Some 85 species; including capybara, marsh deer, giant anteater, red brocket deer; turtles, fish, birds, and alligator.
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
Sexual Maturity: Males: 3- 4 years; females: 2-3 years
Gestation: c.100 days
Litter Size: 2 cubs most common; up to 4
Birth weight: c. 800 g (1.8 lb)
Age at Weaning: 5 to 6 months
Longevity: Estimated in wild, 11 years; 20-27 years in managed care
© 2008-2018 San Diego Zoo Global. Taxonomy and population estimates updated Oct 2018.
How to cite: Jaguar (Panthera onca) Fact Sheet. © 2008-2018. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/ jaguar.
(note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Jan 15)
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