Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus)
Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. All rights reserved.
Order: Diprotodontia — kangaroos, wombats, pygmy possums, gliders and others
Suborder: Vombatiformes — wombats and koalas
Family: Phascolarctidae — koalas
Species: Phascolarctos cinereus — koala
Body Length: 60-85 cm (20-33 in)
Tail Length: Vestigial
Pelage: Dense and wooly; top gray,
Other: Teddy bear-like in shape; black
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
Range: Eastern and southeastern
Habitat: Eucalyptus forests
IUCN Status: Vulnerable (2014 assessment)
CITES Appendix: not listed
Population in Wild: About 330,00 individuals (300,000 mature) across Australia.
Locomotion: Arboreal, but moves
Activity Cycle: Spends up to 20
Social Groups: Non-social except for
Diet: Mostly Eucalyptus leaves
Threats: Habitat destruction, climate
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
Sexual Maturity: Males rarely breed if younger than 4 years.
Gestation: 35 days
Litter Size: Usually 1, rarely 2
Birth weight: 0.5 g (0.018 oz)
Age at Weaning: about 12 months
Longevity: 14+ years under optimal
© 2011-2020 San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. Population estimates updated Sep 2018, IUCN Status updated Oct 2020.
How to cite: Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) Fact Sheet. c2011-2020. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/koala.
(note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2014 Sep 06)
Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to email@example.com.