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Plains Zebra (Equus quagga) Fact Sheet: Managed Care

History in Managed Care

History in managed care

  • European zoos
    • Long history of zebras (of various species) exhibited in zoological collections
      • As early as 1817 in Germany; the menagerie of Duke Karl (Kisling 2001)
      • Antwerp Zoo constructed an Egyptian "temple" (1856) to house elephant, giraffe, and zebra (Kisling 2001)
  • North American zoos
    • 1875: 1st zoological holding of a plains zebra (Their 2013)
      • Among the first animals to be included at the Philadelphia Zoo (DeLeon 1999)
    • 1896: 1st captive birth
  • The quagga (subspecies) in managed care
    • Extinct in the wild c.1878; due to extensive hunting (Balouet Alibert 1990; Bryden 1889; Harley et al. 2009; Rau 1974)
      • A few were maintained in zoological collections, including: Amsterdam Zoo, Berlin Zoo, Jardin des Plantes, and London Zoo (Bryden 1889; Rau 1974)
    • Last surviving members of the species
      • A female at the Berlin Zoo died in 1875 (Balouet Alibert 1990; Duncan and Groves 2013; Rau 1974)
      • Final member of the species died at the Amsterdam Zoo in 1883 (Balouet Alibert 1990; Duncan and Groves 2013; Rau 1974)
    • Selective breeding program in South Africa to "re-make" the quagga pelage pattern; recent effort (Harley et al. 2009)

Current North American Population

263 individuals, as of Jan. 1, 2015 (from ZIMS 2015; J Register, personal communication)

  • 76 males, 185 females, and 2 juveniles
    • Distributed among 58 Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) institutions

San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance

Historical notes (ISIS 2014)

  • First plains zebra on exhibit with SDZG
    • 1924, San Diego Zoo
  • First birth
    • 1943, San Diego Zoo
  • Subspecies within historical collection
    • Members of 3 subspecies Burchell's, Grant's, and Chapman's zebras

Page Citations

Balouet (1990)
Bryden (1889)
DeLeon (1999)
Duncan and Groves (2013)
Harley et al. (2009)
ISIS (2014)
Kisling (2001)
Rau (1974)
Their (2013)
ZIMS (2015)

SDZWA Library Links