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White-fronted Bee-eater (Merops bullockoides) Fact Sheet: Distribution & Habitat


  • Southern tropical Africa (Fry 2001)
  • Most bee-eater species inhabit tropical Africa and Asia
    • One species in Europe
    • One species in Australia


Habitat (Emlen 1990, Fry 1992)

  • Wooded savannas
  • Sandy cliffs
  • Grassland and open scrub, especially in the Great Rift Valley of Kenya between 1400 and 2000 m (4593- 6562 ft) 
  • Avoid heavy forests

Colony sites (Emlen 1990, Hegner et al 1982)

  • On nearly vertical, bare cliff faces
  • Sometimes, on fault scarps in grasslands, banks of rivers, even man-made gravel pits and rock quarries
  • Change sites before breeding season
  • Colonies ususally 4-7 km (2.5-4.4 mi) from foraging areas

Distribution Map

white fronted bee eater distribution

White-fronted Bee-eater distribution.
Adapted from
according to IUCN fact sheet
Click here or on map for detailed distribution (IUCN)

Page Citations

Emlen (1990)
Fry (1984, 2001)
Hegner et al (1982)
IUCN (2008)

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