Order: Artiodactyla (Cetartiodactyla)
Species: Capra nubiana* - Nubian ibex
* Treated by some taxonomists as a subspecies of Capra ibex (C. i. nubiana)
Pelage: Tan to grayish body hair; belly and buttocks white. Legs distinctively marked with black and white.
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
Range: Portions of northeastern Africa and the Arabian peninsula.
Habitat: Desert mountains. Steep, rocky slopes provide vital routes for escaping predators.
IUCN Status: Vulnerable; decreasing population size; assessed in 2008.
CITES: Not listed
Population in Wild: No systematic surveys; fewer than 2,500 mature individuals, according to one rough estimate.
Locomotion: Walk, run, jump, and climb. Agile—able to navigate steep cliffs. Leap to scale sheer canyon walls.
Activity Cycle: Active during the day. Browse throughout the day while temperatures permit. Scale canyon walls to rest during the day and sleep at night.
Social Groups: Social. Live in small groups—typically of multiple females, infants, juveniles, and young adults.
Diet: Consume grasses, forbes, and shrubs.
Predators: Leopard (Panthera pardus), gray wolf (Canis lupus), and striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena).
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
Sexual Maturity: Females mature at about 2 years of age; males at significantly older ages due to social constraints.
Gestation: 150-163 days [combined estimates from wild and managed care settings]
Litter Size: 1-3 young; 1 typical, though twins are not uncommon.
Birth Weight: 1.5-3.0 kg (3.3-6.6 lb)
Age at Weaning: Begin solid food by 2-4 weeks of age; weaning complete by c. 6 months.
Longevity: Short lifespan in the wild; rarely over 12 years. In managed care, males live about 10 years, females about 11 years.
© 2015 San Diego Zoo Global
How to cite: Nubian Ibex (Capra nubiana) Fact Sheet. c2015. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/ nubian_ibex.
(note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2018 Dec 31)
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