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Nubian Ibex (Capra nubiana) Fact Sheet: Bibliography & Resources


Alkon P. 2013. Capra nubiana, Nubian ibex. In: Mammals of Africa: pigs, hippopotamuses, chevrotain, giraffes, deer, and bovids. London (GB): Bloomsbury. p. 600-603.

Alkon P, Harding L, Jdeidi T, Masseti M, Nader I, de Smet K, Cuzin F, Saltz D. 2008. Capra nubiana. The IUCN red list of threatened species [Internet]. Version 2018-1; e.T3796A10084254 [species assessed 2008 Jun 30; page accessed 2018 Oct 09].

AZA. 2023. Species Survival Statistics [data table report]. Chicago (IL): Lincoln Park Zoo/AZA Population Management Center; [accessed 2023 Apr 18].

Bibi F, Vrba E, Fack F. 2012. A new African fossil caprin and a combined molecular and morphological Bayesian phylogenetic analysis of Caprini (Mammalia: Bovidae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 25:1843-1854. DOI: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2012.02572.x

Buxton K, Buxton C, Buxton T. 1895. On either side of the Red Sea. pg 7. London (GB): Edward Stanford.

Clutton-Brock J. 1999. A natural history of domesticated mammals. Cambridge (GB): Cambridge University Press. p. 238.

Fernandez M, Vrba E. 2005. A complete estimate of the phylogenetic relationships in Ruminantia: a dated species-level supertree of the extant ruminants. Biological Reviews. 80(2):269-302. DOI: 10.1017/S1464793104006670

Greenberg-Cohen D, Alkon P, Yom-Tov Y. 1994. A linear dominance hierarchy in female Nubian ibex. Ethology. 98(3-4):210-220. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0310.1994.tb01072.x

Gross J, Alkon P, Demment M. 1995. Grouping patterns and spatial segregation by Nubian ibex. Journal of Arid Environments. 30:423-439. DOI: 10.1006/jare.1995.0037

Gross J, Demment M, Alkon P, Kotzmann M. 1995. Feeding and chewing behaviours of Nubian ibex: compensation for sex-related differences in body size. Functional Ecology. 9(3):385-393.

Groves C. 2013. Family Bovidae: bovines, antilopines. In: Kingdon J, Hoffmann M, editors. Mammals of Africa: pigs, hippopotamuses, chevrotain, giraffes, deer, and bovids. London (GB): Bloomsbury. p. 120-121.

Grubb P, Hoffmann M. 2013. Genus Capra. In: Kingdon J, Hoffmann M, editors. Mammals of Africa: pigs, hippopotamuses, chevrotain, giraffes, deer, and bovids. London (GB): Bloomsbury. p. 599-600.

Habibi K. 1994. The desert ibex. Life history, ecology, and behaviour of the Nubian ibex in Saudi Arabia. London (GB): National Commission for Wildlife and Development (Saudi Arabia). p. 192.

Habibi K. 1997. Group dynamics of Nubian ibex (Capra ibex nubiana) in Tuwayik Canyons, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Zoology. 241(4):791-801. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.1997.tb05748.x

Habibi K, Grainger J. 1990. Distribution and status of Nubian ibex in Saudi Arabia. Oryx. 24(3):138-142.

Harrison KE. 1968. The mammals of Arabia. London (GB): Ernest Benn.

Hassanin A, Douzery J. 1999. The tribal radiation of the family Bovidae (Artiodactyla) and the evolution of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 13(2):227-243. DOI: 10.1006/mpev.1999.0619

Hayssen V, Van Tienhoven A, Van Tienhove A. 1993. Asdell's patterns of mammalian reproduction: a compendium of species-specific data. Ithaca (NY): Ithaca Comstock Publishing Associates.

ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System [Internet database]. 2014. [updated 2014 Mar 05; accessed 2014 Sep 26].

Levy N, Bernadsky G. 1991. Crèche behavior of Nubian ibex, Capra ibex nubiana, in the Negev desert highlands. Israel Journal of Zoology. 37(3):125-137. DOI: 10.1080/00212210.1991.10688649

Lydekker R. 1898. Wild oxen, sheep, and goats of all lands. Living and extinct. London (GB): Rowland Ward. p. 318.

Manlius N. 2001. Historical ecology and biogeography of the Nubian ibex in Egypt. Belgium Journal of Zoology. 131:159-172.

Mott A. 2013. AZA regional studbook: Nubian ibex (Capra nubiana). Sacramento (CA): Sacramento Zoo.

Mott A, Putnam A. 2013. Population analysis and breeding and transfer plan: Nubian ibex (Capra nubiana). San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global.

Osborn D, Helmy I. 1980. The contemporary land mammals of Egypt (including Sinai). Fieldiana Zoology. n.s. 5, XIX:579.

Ross S, Elalqamy H, Al Said T, Saltz D. 2020. Capra nubiana. The IUCN red list of threatened species [Internet]. Version 2020.2; e.T3796A22143385 [species assessed 2020 Mar 01; page accessed 2020 Oct 28]. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T3796A22143385.en.

Schaller G. 1977. Mountain monarchs. Wild sheep and goats of the Himalayas. Chicago (IL): University of Chicago Press.

Seiffert E, Kingdon J. 2013. Order Cetartiodactyla - pigs, hippopotamuses, chevrotain, giraffes, deer, bovids. In: Kingdon J, Hoffmann M, editors. Mammals of Africa: pigs, hippopotamuses, chevrotain, giraffes, deer, and bovids. London (GB): Bloomsbury. p. 22-23.

Shackelton De. 1997. Wild sheep and goats and their relatives. Status survey and conservation action plan for Caprinae. Gland (CH): International Union for Conservation of Nature. p. 390 + vii.

Shafer A, Hall J. 2010. Placing the mountain goat: a total evidence approach to testing alternative hypotheses. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 55(1):18-25. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2010.01.015

Shkedy Y, Saltz D. 2000. Characterizing core and corridor use by Nubian ibex in the Negev Desert, Israel. Conservation Biology. 14(1):200-206.

UNEP. 2018. Species+ [online database]. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP [compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK]. [accessed 2018 Oct 26].

Yeruham I, Rosen S, Hadani A, Braverman Y. 1999. Arthropod parasites of Nubian ibexes (Capra ibex nubiana) and gazelles (Gazella gazella) in Israel. Veterinary Parasitology. 83(2):167-173. DOI: 10.1016/S0304-4017(99)00073-4

Zeuner F. 1963. A history of domesticated animals. London (GB): Hutchinson of London. p. 560.

ZIMS (Zoological Information Management System). 2018. [accessed 2018 Oct 16].

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