Order: Artiodactyla (Cetartiodactyla)
Species: Capra nubiana* - Nubian ibex
* Treated by some taxonomists as a subspecies of Capra ibex (C. i. nubiana)
Pelage: Tan to grayish body hair; belly and buttocks white. Legs distinctively marked with black and white.
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
Range: Portions of northeastern Africa and the Arabian peninsula.
Habitat: Desert mountains. Steep, rocky slopes provide vital routes for escaping predators.
IUCN Status: Vulnerable (2020 assessment)
CITES: Not listed
Population in Wild: No systematic surveys; fewer than 2,500 mature individuals, according to one rough estimate.
Locomotion: Walk, run, jump, and climb. Agile—able to navigate steep cliffs. Leap to scale sheer canyon walls.
Activity Cycle: Active during the day. Browse throughout the day while temperatures permit. Scale canyon walls to rest during the day and sleep at night.
Social Groups: Social. Live in small groups—typically of multiple females, infants, juveniles, and young adults.
Diet: Consume grasses, forbes, and shrubs.
Predators: Leopard (Panthera pardus), gray wolf (Canis lupus), and striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena).
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
Sexual Maturity: Females mature at about 2 years of age; males at significantly older ages due to social constraints.
Gestation: 150-163 days [combined estimates from wild and managed care settings]
Litter Size: 1-3 young; 1 typical, though twins are not uncommon.
Birth Weight: 1.5-3.0 kg (3.3-6.6 lb)
Age at Weaning: Begin solid food by 2-4 weeks of age; weaning complete by c. 6 months.
Longevity: Short lifespan in the wild; rarely over 12 years. In managed care, males live about 10 years, females about 11 years.
© 2015 San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance
How to cite: Nubian Ibex (Capra nubiana) Fact Sheet. c2015. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/ nubian_ibex.
(note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2018 Dec 31)
Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to email@example.com.