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Nubian Ibex (Capra nubiana) Fact Sheet: Diet & Feeding


Herbivores (Alkon et al. 2008)

  • Consume grasses, forbs, and shrubs(from Alkon 2013 unless otherwise noted)
    • In Egypt
      • Acacia raddiana
      • Lindenbergia sinaica
      • Lycium shawii
      • Capparis spinosa
      • Ficus pseudosycomorous
    • In Sinai
      • Globularia arabica
      • Helianthum lipii
      • Ephedra foliata
      • Zilla spinosa
      • Thymus decussatus
      • Gymnocarpus decander
      • Echinops glaberrimus
    • In Saudi Arabia (Habibi 1994; Habibi 1997)
      • Acacia ehrenbergiana, A. raddiana, and A. tortilis
      • Maerua crassifolia
      • Cymbopogon commutatus
      • Chrysopogon plumulosus
      • Panicum turgidum
      • Pennisetum setaceum


Browse on leaves and seed pods of Acacia spp (from Habibi 1994)

  • Browsing behavior
    • Stand on hind legs and stretch out neck to pluck leaves and pods from the tree
      • May climb trees to access food
      • Fallen leaves and pods also consumed
  • Seldom eat stems or twigs of this plant

Lick or eat soil (from Habibi 1994)

  • Presumably to supplement salt and mineral requirements


Image credit: © Pavel Buršik from BioLib. Some rights reserved.

ibex in tree
Image credit: © orientalizing from Flickr. Some rights reserved.

Ibex often stand on their hind legs to access the lower leaves and seed pods of Acacia raddiana (top image). Once low-lying foods are exhausted, ibex may climb into lower branches (lower image).

Page Citations

Alkon (2013)
Alkon et al. (2008)
Habibi (1994)
Habibi (1997)

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