Synonyms (Bauer et al. 2016)
Common names (Wilson and Mittermeier 2009; Bauer et al. 2016)
African names for lion are numerous
Other phrases of interest (Schaller 1972, Perkins 2016)
Species diversity of cats
Diversification of modern cats (Wilson and Mittermeier 2009)
What scientists use to determine evolutionary relationships in modern cats (Wilson and Mittermeier 2009, except as noted)
Symbolism, culture, and folklore
Films and performace art
Family: Felidae (Fischer de Waldheim 1817)
Subfamily: Pantherinae (Pocock 1917) - leopard, jaguar, lion, tiger, snow leopard
Genus: Panthera (Oken 1816)
Species: Panthera leo (Linnaeus 1758)
Subspecies: P. l. leo (Linnaeus 1758)
Subspecies: P. l. melanochaita (Hamilton Smith, 1842)
Sources: Bertola et al. (2016); Kitchener et al. (2017)
From the late 1800s, a depiction of a female and male lion with their cubs.
"The Lion Cubs." Plate 54 in Robert Huish's 1829 book The Wonders of the Animal Kingdom: exhibiting delineations of the most distinguished wild animals, in the various menageries of this country.
Image credit: Made available by the © Biodiversity Heritage Library via Flickr. Some rights reserved.
Morani warrior wears a lion mane headdress during a Maasai ceremony.
Image credit: © Manon van der Lit via Flickr. All rights reserved. Used with permission from the artist.
Image info: Taken October 19, 2007.
Joy Adamson's 1960 book, Born Free, not only inspired a popular film but also millions of people to care about lions.
Image credit: Pan Macmillan; from Biography.com.