Order: Artiodactyla* (or Cetartiodactyla) (even-toed hoofed animals: includes pigs, sheep goats, cattle, deer)
Species: Antilocapra americana - pronghorn
Subspecies**: A. a. americana - American pronghorn
Subspecies: A. a. mexicana - Sonoran pronghorn
Subspecies: A. a. peninsularis - Baja California pronghorn
Describer: Ord (1815), as Antilocapra americana
*New anatomical and DNA evidence on the relationship between Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates) and Cetacea (whales and dolphins) recently led to a merging of the two orders into a new group, Cetartiodactyla (Montgelard, 1997; reviewed in Kulemzina, 2009). As of October 2012, experts had not agreed on whether to define Cetartiodactyla as an official taxonomic order that would replace Artiodactyla and Cetacea. Some continue to list okapi in the order Artiodactyla (Franklin, 2011) or use the term Cetartiodactyla without defining it as an order (IUCN, 2008).
**Only three subspecies are commonly recognized (Byers 2011).
The pronghorn is the only surviving species of the North American ungulate family Antilocapridae.
Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. All rights reserved.
Hernandez Fernandez et al. (2005)
O’Gara & Yoakum (2004)